Dermatology Diseases

Dermatology diseases affect the health of the skin, hair, nails, and mucous membranes.
The skin is the largest organ in the body and the first line of defense against bacteria and injury. Almost 43% of patients visit their doctors at some point due to a skin disorder. Skin diseases are highly prevalent in the United States, affecting an estimated 1 in 3 individuals at any given time.

Dermatologists diagnose and treat more than 3000 different diseases ranging from common conditions such as acne and warts to rare skin diseases to other conditions including skin cancer, eczema, acne, psoriasis, and nail infections.

Dermatology Diseases

dermatology diseasesDermatology diseases affect the health of the skin, hair, nails, and mucous membranes. The skin is the largest organ in the body and the first line of defense against bacteria and injury. Almost 43% of patients visit their doctors at some point due to a skin disorder. Skin diseases are highly prevalent in the United States, affecting an estimated 1 in 3 individuals at any given time.

Dermatologists diagnose and treat more than 3000 different diseases ranging from common conditions such as acne and warts to rare skin diseases to other conditions including skin cancer, eczema, acne, psoriasis, and nail infections.

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Stelara Remicade Humira
Enbrel Targretin

Types of Dermatology Disease

Some of the more prevalent conditions treated by dermatologists include:

  • Color problems in the skin – irregular areas in which there are changes in skin color patches or lighter colored skin.
  • Acne – a disease that impacts the oil glands of the skin and results in various types of pimples.
  • Dermatitis and eczema – inflammation of the skin that usually involves an itchy rash.
  • Contagious skin diseases – including athlete’s foot, cold sores, warts, head lice, herpes simplex, ringworm, and shingles
  • Fungal infections – can infect the skin, nails, and hair.
  • Hair disorders – over 80 million people have hereditary hair loss, and other conditions like dandruff, an itching or peeling scalp may cause discomfort.
  • Psoriasis – a chronic, autoimmune skin disorder that accelerates skin cell growth resulting in thick, red skin and silvery scales.
  • Rosacea – redness in the face accompanied by small, pus-filled bumps. It can spread to the ears, chest, and back.
  • Skin cancer – about 20% of people will develop some form of skin cancer in their lives. The most common forms of skin cancer include basal cell carcinoma (BCC), melanoma, and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).
  • Dry or sweaty skin

Causes of Dermatology Diseases

dermatology diseasesNumerous health conditions and lifestyle factors can also lead to the development of certain skin disorders including inflammatory bowel disease, diabetes, lupus, pregnancy, and stress.

Common known causes of skin disorders include:

  • Bacteria trapped in skin pores and hair follicles
  • Fungus, parasites, or microorganisms living on the skin
  • Viruses
  • A weakened immune system
  • Contact with allergens, irritants, or another person’s infected skin
  • Genetic factors
  • Illnesses affecting the thyroid, immune system, kidneys, and other body systems

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Dermatology Diseases Treatment

A wide array of medical and cosmetic surgical procedures are used to treat dermatology diseases. Many dermatology conditions can be treated with medication and non-surgical treatment. However, for more serious illnesses, surgery or more invasive treatments may be required.

Biopsy: skin biopsies are used to diagnose or rule out certain skin conditions including skin cancer.

Chemical peel: used to treat sun-damage, age spots, fine lines, and some types of acne.

Cosmetic injection: botulinum toxin (Botox) or fillers can be injected into the skin to improve wrinkles, scars, and fine lines temporarily.

Cryotherapy: cryosurgery is a highly effective treatment for a broad range of benign skin problems such as warts and lesions.

Dermabrasion: the uppermost layer of skin is taken off, eroding scar tissue, fine wrinkles, tattoos, and potentially precancerous skin patches.

Excisions of skin lesions: lesions are typically removed to prevent diseases from spreading, for cosmetic purposes, to stop repeat infection, and for diagnosis.

Hair removal and restoration: laser hair removal provides a long-term solution for unwanted body hair, and hair loss can be treated with hair transplants or surgery to the scalp.

Laser surgery: also known as laser resurfacing, it is used to treat a range of skin conditions including tumors, warts, tattoos, birthmarks, scars, and wrinkles.

Mohs surgery: used to treat skin cancer – successive layers of skin are removed until all cancer cells are gone.

Skin grafts and flaps: missing skin can be repaired using skin from another area of the body.

Liposuction: a procedure to remove excess fat from the body.

Vein therapy or sclerotherapy: used to treat spider veins – tiny, dilated veins on the surface of the skin.

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