A wide array of medical and cosmetic surgical procedures are used to treat dermatology diseases. Many dermatology conditions can be treated with medication and non-surgical treatment. However, for more serious illnesses, surgery or more invasive treatments may be required.
Biopsy: skin biopsies are used to diagnose or rule out certain skin conditions including skin cancer.
Chemical peel: used to treat sun-damage, age spots, fine lines, and some types of acne.
Cosmetic injection: botulinum toxin (Botox) or fillers can be injected into the skin to improve wrinkles, scars, and fine lines temporarily.
Cryotherapy: cryosurgery is a highly effective treatment for a broad range of benign skin problems such as warts and lesions.
Dermabrasion: the uppermost layer of skin is taken off, eroding scar tissue, fine wrinkles, tattoos, and potentially precancerous skin patches.
Excisions of skin lesions: lesions are typically removed to prevent diseases from spreading, for cosmetic purposes, to stop repeat infection, and for diagnosis.
Hair removal and restoration: laser hair removal provides a long-term solution for unwanted body hair, and hair loss can be treated with hair transplants or surgery to the scalp.
Laser surgery: also known as laser resurfacing, it is used to treat a range of skin conditions including tumors, warts, tattoos, birthmarks, scars, and wrinkles.
Mohs surgery: used to treat skin cancer – successive layers of skin are removed until all cancer cells are gone.
Skin grafts and flaps: missing skin can be repaired using skin from another area of the body.
Liposuction: a procedure to remove excess fat from the body.
Vein therapy or sclerotherapy: used to treat spider veins – tiny, dilated veins on the surface of the skin.