Neurological Diseases

Neurological disease is defined as any disorder of the body’s nervous system, comprised of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. Conditions classified as mental disorders or learning disabilities are not typically considered as neurological disorders.

When something goes wrong with any part of the nervous system, patients can have trouble moving, speaking, swallowing, breathing, or learning. They can also have problems with memory, senses, or mood.

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Neurological Diseases

neurological diseasesNeurological disease is defined as any disorder of the body’s nervous system, comprised of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. Conditions classified as mental disorders or learning disabilities are not typically considered as neurological disorders.

When something goes wrong with any part of the nervous system, patients can have trouble moving, speaking, swallowing, breathing, or learning. They can also have problems with memory, senses, or mood.

Available Medications

Copaxone Avonex Betaseron
Decadron Deltasone Gilenya
Extavia Novantrone Orapred
Dexamethasone Prelone Rebif
Sterapred Tysabri Namenda
Keppra Nuedexta Rilutek
Austedo

More About Neurological Diseases

There are more than 600 neurological diseases. The most common types include:

  • Illnesses caused by damaged or defective genes, such as Huntington’s disease and muscular dystrophy
  • Problems with the way the nervous system develops
  • A degenerative disease where nerve cells deteriorate or die, such as Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, and ALS
  • Conditions of the blood vessels that supply blood to the brain, such as a stroke
  • Injury to the spinal cord and brain, such as a concussion or cerebral palsy
  • Seizure disorders, such as epilepsy
  • Cancer, such as brain tumors
  • Infections, such as meningitis

Causes of Neurological Disease

neurological diseasesBoth the spinal cord and brain are insulated by numerous membranes that can be vulnerable to force and pressure. The peripheral nerves located deep under the skin can also be susceptible to damage. Neurological disorders can affect an entire neurological pathway or a single neuron. Even a small disturbance to a neuron’s structural path can result in dysfunction.

The specific causes of neurological problems range from genetic disorders, congenital abnormalities, and infections to lifestyle and nutrition-related causes, environmental factors, and spinal cord or nerve injury.

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Symptoms of Neurological Disease

Structural, biochemical or electrical irregularities in the brain, spinal cord or other nerves can result in an array of symptoms including:

  • Paralysis
  • Muscle weakness
  • Poor coordination
  • Loss of sensation
  • Seizures
  • Confusion
  • Altered levels of consciousness

Neurological Diseases Treatment

A valuable tool to clinical care of those suffering from neurological issues is the provision of effective prescription and over-the-counter medications. While not all brain and nervous system illnesses respond to medication, many do.

The first step in determining treatment is recognizing the illness early and deciding to seek treatment. In the case of a stroke, traumatic injuries, or degenerative brain diseases, therapeutic methods may range from medications such as neuroleptics (haloperidol and chlorpromazine) used to treat brain disorders such as schizophrenia, to comparatively simple analgesics, such as ibuprofen, acetaminophen, and opiates to manage the painful effects of many neurological ailments.

In the absence of a cure, some patients with neurological diseases can be placed in rehabilitation as part of an effort to restore lost function and mobility. Therapies for neurological disorders may include:

  • Lifestyle changes to prevent or minimize the impact of the condition
  • Physical therapy to manage the symptoms and restore function
  • Pain management therapies
  • Medication to help recover function or prevent a deterioration of the condition
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